Brill Scholarly Editions is an online publication platform designed specifically for text editions, translations, and commentaries. How does it work?

Homepage

How to use the home page of Brill Scholarly Editions?

The top menu on the homepage presents readers with a number of options: Publications, Search, About, How to, FAQ, and Login. Click on the option to go to the page.

home-page-top-menu

The rest of the page contains a short introduction to the site and a list of publications. Click on a publication to go to its page.

home-page-welcome-list

Publications

How to use the Publications page on Brill Scholarly Editions?

The Publications page allows you to search and browse publications.

publications-page

The first thing to understand about this page, is that is that you can set the types of search results using the dropdown menu left, below the search bar. There are four types:

  • Publications
  • Works
  • Versions
  • Passages

By default, publications are shown.

Publications

A publication is something your library may subscribe to, something you have access to. For example, Classic Arabic Texts Online is a publication.

publications-page-publications-lens

Works

A publication (usually) contains an edition of a work. For example, Classic Arabic Texts Online contains an edition of the work Kitāb Futūḥ al-buldān written by Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-Balādhūrī.

publications-page-works-lens

Versions

A work exists in a given version. The work is an abstraction. For example, the work Kitāb Futūḥ al-buldān exists as a text in several manuscripts. It also exists in the text edition published by Michael Jan de Goeje in 1866. This is the version included in Classic Arabic Texts Online and now available on Brill Scholarly Editions. Likewise, the English translation by Philip Khuri Hitti and Francis Clark Murgotten is another version, with the title The Origins of the Islamic State and also found on this site.

publications-page-versions-lens

Passages

A work may consist of one or more passages. The type of passage depends on the work. In the case of Kitāb Futūḥ al-buldān, the passages are pages of De Goeje's edition. The work itself is organized by place (it is a geographical survey of the Caliphate’s territories), but references to the work are by De Goeje page (and line) hence this is also the organizing principle on Brill Scholarly Editions.

Other works may have passages of different types. The passages of Apuleius' Metamorphoses, for example, are phrases (themselves grouped into chapters and books) as this is how this work is usually referenced, including in the edition by the Groningen Commentaries on Apuleius group found on this site. If the edition contains references to previous editions (in this case, Helm's), they are given, too.

publications-page-passages-lens

How to search?

There are two - complementary - ways to search on the Publications page.

  • Search bar
  • Search facets

Search bar

The search bar at the top of the Publications page initiates a full-text search. Use it to search through the metadata and content of all of the publications.

Search results are always returned as passages with text snippets. Matched terms are highlighted.

Remember that you can set the type of search result: Publications, Works, Versions, Passages.

Note that many text editions contain ancient and inflected languages. Full-text search is of limited use here. For more advanced search options, use the dedicated Search page and/or the Morphology tool in the Reader. Where full-text search performs well is in English language texts, such as translations and commentaries. You can filter on these kinds of texts.

publications-page-full-text-search

Search facets

Search facets are filters: they limit the number of search results. They may be used in conjunction with full-text search. There are six facets:

  • Publication filters on publication
  • Text Group filters on author or other types of collections of texts
  • Work filters on work
  • Version filters on work version
  • Kind filters on the kind of version: edition, translation, or commentary
  • Language filters on language (expressed in ISO 639.2 codes)

All facets are type-aheads: type a few letters and the filter will match with the values in the database. The facets can be hidden or made to appear again by clicking the Filter button to the left of the search bar.

Values selected in the facets appear as labels below the full-text search bar, as do any terms entered in the search bar. These labels can be clicked away, with your search adjusted dynamically. There is also a Clear all button.

publications-page-faceted-search

Another way to search is by using the dedicated Search page, or by using the search bar in the Reader. This is explained below.

How to browse?

When the search results are shown by publication, they contain two buttons: About and Browse.

Click on the Browse button to show the works in a publication, grouped by textgroup. Your are taken to the Publication search page. More on that below.

publication-search-page-browse

The same can be accomplished by filtering on publication and work<. This time you stay on the Publications page.

publications-page-browse

Click on the About button to go to the Publication information page, where you will find more information about the publication.

When the type of search result is set to Works, a dropdown menu lists the versions. This can be used to browse the versions, or go straight to the Reader.

publications-page-browse-work

Publication search page

How to use the Publication search pages?

The Publication search page is where you end up if you click on the Browse button in the publications listed on the Publications page. We already saw an example above. (A similar button is found on the Publication information page, where you end up if you click on the About button in the publications listed on Publications page).

publication-search-page

The Publication search page is the place to explore a publication. Like the Publications page, it offers search and browse options.

Here, too, you can set the types of search results. There are three types:

  • Works
  • Versions
  • Passages

At the top of the page (below the short publication description) is a search bar supportiung full-text search.

Search result are, by default, sorted by Library Order but can be sorted on Work Name.

The left panel contains search facets. These are publication-specific. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, for example, has:

  • Volume
  • Place
  • Period
  • From - Until
  • Index terms (with AND/OR operator)
  • Reference
  • Inscription Type
  • Concordances
  • Entry Type
  • Work Label

How to use the publication-specific facets is explained in the publication information pages.

publication-search-page-faceted-search

If no publication-specific facets are available, the default generic facets are given. These are:

  • Work filters on work
  • Version filters on work version
  • Kind filters on the kind of version: edition, translation, or commentary
  • Language filters on language (expressed in ISO 639.2 codes)

When the type of search result is set to Works, a dropdown menu lists the versions. This can be used to browse the versions, or go straight to the Reader.

publication-search-page-works-browse

Search results on the Publication search page with publication-specific can have dedicated types of search results, for example Entry. Search results may also look differently, for example showing buttons for different work versions.

Publication information page

How to use the Publication information pages?

The Publication information page is where you end up if you click on the About button in the publications listed on the Publications page. (A similar button is found in the Reader, below the citation in the right panel). The Read more button below the short description at the top of the Publication search page also take you to this page

publication-information-page

The Publication information page is the place to learn more about publication. Information may include how-tos, editorials, background information, etc.

Some Publication information pages have a menu in the left panel listing other pages with information.

The Publication information page always contains three buttons:

  • Browse. This takes you to the Publication search page
  • Search. This takes you to the dedicated Search page
  • More information. This takes you a publication information page on brill.com

Reader

How to use the Reader on Brill Scholarly Editions?

The Reader is the heart of Brill Scholarly Editions. It aims to give a focused reading experience in an uncluttered interface.

The reader has three panels:

  • The Left panel has various options for browse (navigation) and search
  • The Center panel is where the text is displayed
  • The Right panel has the citation and various widgets

To the left and right panels can be folded in and out using the arrows at the top.

reader

Before we go into these panels, we first answer the question how to get to the Reader?

How to get to the Reader in Brill Scholarly Editions?

Go to the Publications page, set the type of search results to Works, and select a version from the dropdown menu. The act of selection will take you to the Reader. Think of the dropdown as a set of Read buttons.

publications-page-to-reader-via-works

Set the type of search result to Versions, and you will again see the Read button on each search result.

publications-page-to-reader-via-versions

Set the type of search result to Passages, and you can simply click on a search result to go to the Reader.

publications-page-to-reader-via-passages

We now return to the panels.

How to use the Left Panel in Brill Scholarly Editions?

The Left Panel has various options for browse (navigation) and search. These are:

  • A navigation widget shows you sibling passage, and child and parent passages, if available. For example, with Peshitta, Judges 7, the sibling passages are the other chapters in the book of Judges. The children of Judges 7 are its 25 versions. You can use this to navigate: click on a passage to display it in the reader
  • Another navigation widget called Passage reference where you can manually set how many passages are displayed in the Reader at a given time. For example, with Peshitta, Judges 7 you can set it to display the entire seventh chapter by just setting it to 7, or you can select some verses, by entering for instance 7.1-7.5
  • The Text search is a full-text search in the work version displayed in the Reader at that moment. Search results (with highlights) are displayed below it and can be clicked to display them in the Reader
reader-left-panel

How to use the Center Panel in Brill Scholarly Editions?

The Center panel is where the text is displayed. It has a number of navigation (browse) options:

  • Previous page and Next page arrow on either side of the text
  • A breadcrumb at the top
  • A menu termed Add parallel version to display two texts in the Reader side by side
reader-center-panel

Previous and next page

Previous page and Next page. The Reader, by default, displays a maximum number of passages on a given page, usually around five paragraphs for prose and 30 lines for verse. These numbers can be manually changed using the Passage reference widget. Arrows on either side of the text allow you to navigate to the previous passages, or the next, if there are any.

Remember that first pages have no previous and last no next, and that with left-to-right scripts the next arrow is on the left side!

reader-center-panel-previous-next

Breadcrumb

The title at the top (left) of the Center panel acts as Breadcrumb. It consists of the name of a text and the name of a work. Click on the work name to go to the Publication Search page, filtered on work. Clicking on the textgroup takes you to the same page, but now filtered on textgroup. (In most cases, the publication contains only one textgroup and the filter will not be visible. But there are exceptions, such as The Context of Scripture, which has five.

reader-center-panel-breadcrumb

Add parallel version

  • The Add parallel version function allow you to add a second text beside a first. You can now read two texts side by side, for example a source text and a translation. You can compare two versions of the same work, or go from commentary to text and back.
  • Click on the Add parallel version button at the top right of the center panel. This is a dropdown menu listing all work versions. Select the one you need to display it beside the text already shown in the Reader.

    reader-center-panel-add-parallel-version

    Once the second text is added, the Center panel is effectively divided into two columns. Both columns now have an Add parallel version button. At the very bottom of the dropdown menu is an option to remove the column.

    reader-center-panel-two columns

    How to use the Right Panel in Brill Scholarly Editions?

    The Right panel has the citation at the top, and below it various other widgets. Think of widgets as small tools. These are:

    • CTS URN. This gives the identifier for the passages currently displayed in the viewer
    • Export passage. This generates plain text or a TEI XML file, either of the pssages shown in the Reader at that moment, or of the whole work version
    • Text mode. This has two options. Normal allows users to select and copy text. Highlight means users can click on a word, or shift-click for a range of words. This triggers two other widgets, Highlight and Morphology
    • Text size. Choice of five sizes
    • Text width. Choice of five widths
    • Highlight. This tells the user which word is highlighted in the text. The number between square brackets gives the occurence of that term in the passage currently displayed in the viewer
    • Morphology. This gives a grammatical analysis of a highlighted word. This currently works for Latin, Greek, and Syriac.
    reader-right-panel

    More widgets may be developed as new content is added to the library.

    How to search on Brill Scholarly Editions?

    There are three places where you can search the text and metadata of the publications on Brill Scholarly Editions:

    • Publications page and Publication search pages
    • Reader
    • the dedicated Search page

    This section is about the dedicated Search page.

    search-page

    You arrive at this page by clicking the Search button in the top menu at every page on Brill Scholarly Editions.

    How to use the Search page on Brill Scholarly Editions?

    The Search page consists of a search bar and some information about the publications on Brill Scholarly Editions below it.

    As on the Publications page and the Publication search pages, the search bar performs a full-text search.

    As on the Publications page and the Publication search pages, the search bar can be used in conjunction with search facets. By default, the facets are hidden. Click on the Filter button to the left of the search bar to reveal them. Alternatively, perform a full-text search. The search facets are the same six we encountered above:

    • Publication filters on publication
    • Text Group filters on author or other types of collections of texts
    • Work filters on work
    • Version filters on work version
    • Kind filters on the kind of version: edition, translation, or commentary
    • Language filters on language (expressed in ISO 639.2 codes)

    Full-text search results are always o fthe type Passage. Matched terms are highlighted in the snippet displayed in the search result. Click on the search result to go to the Reader.

    search-page-highlights

    In the Reader, the highlights are kept and the other search results are listed, below your search term, in the Text search widget in the Left panel.

    search-page-highlights-reader

    As on the Publications page and the Publication search pages, a maximum number of search results is set per page. You can browse these pages using the arrows at the top and bottom of the search results.

    How to use the Search Guide on Brill Scholarly Editions?

    The Search Guide lists a number of ways to refine your search on the Search page on Brill Scholarly Editions. search-page-search-guide

    These search refinements are:

    • + signifies AND operation. For example: shoe + boot
    • | signifies OR operation. For example: shoe | boot
    • - negates a single token. For example: shoe -boot
    • " wraps a number of tokens to signify a phrase for searching. For example: "thief in the night"
    • * at the end of a term signifies a prefix query. For example: amat*. This returns all tokens starting with "amat", such as "amatoria" and "amatorum".
    • ( and ) signify precedence. For example: shoe (boot)
    • ~num after a word signifies edit distance (fuzziness). For example: shoe~1. This returns all tokens that differ in one character from "shoe", such as "she" and "shot".
    • ~num after a phrase signifies slop amount. For example: "in the night"~1. This returns all phrases that differ in one token from "in the night", such as "drunk in the night" and "songs in the night".
    search-page-search-guide-example

    How to search non-Latin scripts on Brill Scholarly Editions?

    To search non-Latin scripts on Brill Scholarly Editions, you will have to install the required fonts and set your keyboard to the required script. Now you can type ypour term in the full-text search bar. Alternatively, you can copy and paste terms into the bar.

    Note that many text editions contain ancient and inflected languages. Full-text search is of limited use here. For more advanced search options, use the dedicated Search page and/or the Morphology tool in the Reader. Where full-text search performs well is in English language texts, such as translations and commentaries. You can filter on these kinds of texts.

    search-page-syriac

    Note also that it is not necessary to have fonts installed to read texts in non-Latin scripts in the Reader. The Reader comes with all fonts included.

    Login

    How to login to Brill Scholarly Editions?

    To log-in, click on the log-in button in the menu bar. You will now see the "Where are you from?" page by our authorization and authentication partner Liblynx. Choose the your access mode - SAML, individual login, or passcode - and enter your details. After succesful authentication you are taken back to the homepage of Brill Scholarly Editions.

    login-page

    Brill Scholarly Editions supports IP recognition, so in most cases you are authenticated automatically and there is no need to login in the way described here.

    More questions? Please contact us at brillonline@brill.com, putting "Scholarly Editions" in the subject line.